Hi, I'm Andrew and I’m just a simple 19 year old guy and zoology student that posts random factoids about obscure animals and general animal science/zoology/biology stuff so if you like animals this is the place for you, if you only like cute animals this is not the place for you… Also I can ID any animals you might need identified (just submit them to me).

Disclamer: none of the pictures are mine unless stated

Family Callidulidae: An unusual family of moths known as "Old World Butterfly-moths. Callidulids are a family of butterfly like moths which are distributed throughout southeast Asia and Oceania. Callidulids can exhibit both day and night flying behavior and typically hold their wings over thier backs like butterflies. Thier closest relatives are know truly known but they are thought to be close to hook-tip and geometer moths.

Image: L. Shyamal

 

Labidiaster annulatus
…is a species of Heliasterid sea star which is distributed around the Antarctic Peninsula, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, where it occurs in the intertidal zone. Like other large starfish Labidiaster annulatusis a opportunistic predator and scavenger, feeding on a wide range of food items. It is known to feed by climbing to an elevated position (like the top of a rock or sponge) and extending its arms out like fishing rods, grabbing any prey items that swims by.
Classification
Animalia-Echinodermata-Asteroidea-Forcipulatida-Heliasteridae-Labidiaster-L. annulatus
Image: WereSpielChequers

Labidiaster annulatus

…is a species of Heliasterid sea star which is distributed around the Antarctic Peninsula, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, where it occurs in the intertidal zone. Like other large starfish Labidiaster annulatusis a opportunistic predator and scavenger, feeding on a wide range of food items. It is known to feed by climbing to an elevated position (like the top of a rock or sponge) and extending its arms out like fishing rods, grabbing any prey items that swims by.

Classification

Animalia-Echinodermata-Asteroidea-Forcipulatida-Heliasteridae-Labidiaster-L. annulatus

Image: WereSpielChequers

Little Forktail (Enicurus scouleri)
…a species of Old World flycatcher (Muscicapidae) which occurs in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Kazakhstan, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Taiwan, Tajikistan, and Vietnam . Where it inhabits subtropical or tropical moist lowland moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. Like other members of the genus Enicurus, little forktails are typically seen near running water, where they will either glean the rocks or plunge underwater for aquatic insects.
Classification
Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Passeriformes-Muscicapidae-Enicurus-E. scouleri
Image: Robert tdc

Little Forktail (Enicurus scouleri)

…a species of Old World flycatcher (Muscicapidae) which occurs in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Kazakhstan, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Taiwan, Tajikistan, and Vietnam . Where it inhabits subtropical or tropical moist lowland moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. Like other members of the genus Enicurus, little forktails are typically seen near running water, where they will either glean the rocks or plunge underwater for aquatic insects.

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Passeriformes-Muscicapidae-Enicurus-E. scouleri

Image: Robert tdc

Rhynchonelloidella smithi
…is a species of extinct Rhynchollid brachiopod which lived during the Middle Jurassic period. Fossil locations have been cited on continental shelves, indicating that Rhynchonelloidella smithi probably inhabited tropical, shallow coral seas, were it lived as a stationary suspension feeder.
Classification
Animalia-Brachiopoda-Rhynchonellata-Rhynchonellida-RHynchonellidae-Rhynchonelloidella-R. smithi
Image: Dwergenpaartje

Rhynchonelloidella smithi

…is a species of extinct Rhynchollid brachiopod which lived during the Middle Jurassic period. Fossil locations have been cited on continental shelves, indicating that Rhynchonelloidella smithi probably inhabited tropical, shallow coral seas, were it lived as a stationary suspension feeder.

Classification

Animalia-Brachiopoda-Rhynchonellata-Rhynchonellida-RHynchonellidae-Rhynchonelloidella-R. smithi

Image: Dwergenpaartje

"Hairy Snail" (Trochulus hispidus)
…a species of terrestrial Hygromiid snail which is widely distributed through most of Europe and its surrounding islands. Like other snail species Trochulus hispidus uses love darts in reproduction.
Classification
Animalia-Mollusca-Gastropoda-Heterobranchia-Euthyneura-Panpulmonata-Eupulmonata-Stylommatophora-SIgurethra-Helicoidea-Hygromidae-Hygromiinae-Trochulini-Trochulus-T. hispida
Image: Michal Manas

"Hairy Snail" (Trochulus hispidus)

…a species of terrestrial Hygromiid snail which is widely distributed through most of Europe and its surrounding islands. Like other snail species Trochulus hispidus uses love darts in reproduction.

Classification

Animalia-Mollusca-Gastropoda-Heterobranchia-Euthyneura-Panpulmonata-Eupulmonata-Stylommatophora-SIgurethra-Helicoidea-Hygromidae-Hygromiinae-Trochulini-Trochulus-T. hispida

Image: Michal Manas


Hello! Once again I’ve found a critter that stumped me completely, and I would really appreciate it if you could help me out. There was another one just like it on a nearby plant. I found it in Geneva. Thank you for your time!

Sorry for taking so long to respond to this, it kinda got lost in my inbox. But anyways, this is the pupa of one of the ladybird beetles (Coccinellidae).

Hello! Once again I’ve found a critter that stumped me completely, and I would really appreciate it if you could help me out. There was another one just like it on a nearby plant. I found it in Geneva. Thank you for your time!

Sorry for taking so long to respond to this, it kinda got lost in my inbox. But anyways, this is the pupa of one of the ladybird beetles (Coccinellidae).

Brachionus calyciflorus
…is a species of Brachionid rotifer which occurs in fresh and brackish waters worldwide.  Like other rotifers B. calyciflorus is a microscopic filter feeder, using its cilia laced corona to move microorganisms into its mouth, which are then smashed up by its mastax. 
Classification
Animalia-Rotifera-Monogonota-Ploimida-Brachionidae-Brachionus-B. calyciflorus
Image: Takehito Yoshida and Randy O. Wayne

Brachionus calyciflorus

…is a species of Brachionid rotifer which occurs in fresh and brackish waters worldwide.  Like other rotifers B. calyciflorus is a microscopic filter feeder, using its cilia laced corona to move microorganisms into its mouth, which are then smashed up by its mastax. 

Classification

Animalia-Rotifera-Monogonota-Ploimida-Brachionidae-Brachionus-B. calyciflorus

Image: Takehito Yoshida and Randy O. Wayne

Anonymous asked
Hello I was wondering if you knew if it was true that certain types of hornworm caterpillars (black ones mainly) turned into hummingbird moths

Yup, hornworm caterpillars do in fact turn into Sphinx Moths later in their life. The more popular ones (IE: Totmato Hornworm) turn into “sphinx” moths while hummingbird moth caterpillars are generally smaller but look similar.

Flustra foliacea
…a species of Flustrid bryozoan which boasts a wide distribution in the north Atlantic Ocean (on both the European and American sides), where is is restricted to colder sublittoral waters limiting its southern range to northern Spain. Like other bryozoans F. foliacea is actually a colonial animal, consisting of multiple zooids that word together as a ‘singular animal’. Flustra foliacea is a filter feeder and will filter the water around it for nutrients. 
Classification
Animalia-Bryozoa-Hymnolaemata-Cheilostomata-Flustrina-Flustridae-Flustra-F. foliacea
Image: Hans Hillewaert

Flustra foliacea

…a species of Flustrid bryozoan which boasts a wide distribution in the north Atlantic Ocean (on both the European and American sides), where is is restricted to colder sublittoral waters limiting its southern range to northern Spain. Like other bryozoans F. foliacea is actually a colonial animal, consisting of multiple zooids that word together as a ‘singular animal’. Flustra foliacea is a filter feeder and will filter the water around it for nutrients. 

Classification

Animalia-Bryozoa-Hymnolaemata-Cheilostomata-Flustrina-Flustridae-Flustra-F. foliacea

Image: Hans Hillewaert

"Devastating Grasshopper" (Melanoplus devastator)
….a species of spur-throated grasshopper (Melanoplinae) which is native to North America, where it occurs on the Pacific side of the cascades and Sierra Nevada from southwestern Washington south through Oregon and California. M. devastator is very close in appearance to the Migratory Grasshopper (Melanoplus sanguinipes) to the point where the distinction between the two may be artificial, and as such it is debated weather M. devastator should be treated as a subspecies or a distinct species. 
Classification
Animalia-Arthropoda-Insecta-Orthoptera-Caelifera-Acrididae-Melanoplinae-Melanoplini-Melanoplus-M. devastator
Image: ©Alice Abela

"Devastating Grasshopper" (Melanoplus devastator)

….a species of spur-throated grasshopper (Melanoplinae) which is native to North America, where it occurs on the Pacific side of the cascades and Sierra Nevada from southwestern Washington south through Oregon and California. M. devastator is very close in appearance to the Migratory Grasshopper (Melanoplus sanguinipes) to the point where the distinction between the two may be artificial, and as such it is debated weather M. devastator should be treated as a subspecies or a distinct species. 

Classification

Animalia-Arthropoda-Insecta-Orthoptera-Caelifera-Acrididae-Melanoplinae-Melanoplini-Melanoplus-M. devastator

Image: ©Alice Abela

Red-backed Thrush (Geokichla erythronota)
Also known as the rusty-backed thrush, the red-backed thrush is a species of thrush (Turdidae) which is endemic to forests on Sulawesi and the nearby islands of Buton and Kabaena in Indonesia. Due to increasing habitat loss it is becoming increasingly rare, and as such much of its biology and ecology is unknown. However, like other thrushes its is likely an omnivorous, feeding on a range of invertebrates and berries. 
Classification
Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Passeriformes-Turdidae-Geokichla-G. erythronota
Image: Unox

Red-backed Thrush (Geokichla erythronota)

Also known as the rusty-backed thrush, the red-backed thrush is a species of thrush (Turdidae) which is endemic to forests on Sulawesi and the nearby islands of Buton and Kabaena in Indonesia. Due to increasing habitat loss it is becoming increasingly rare, and as such much of its biology and ecology is unknown. However, like other thrushes its is likely an omnivorous, feeding on a range of invertebrates and berries. 

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Passeriformes-Turdidae-Geokichla-G. erythronota

Image: Unox

Feathered Doto (Doto pinnatifida)
…a species of Dotid nudibranch which occurs in the North Atlantic Ocean, off of the coasts of the United Kingdom and France. It also occurs around the South African coast from its Atlantic coast to Knysna. Feathered dotos occupy the intertidal zone and are associated with and feed almost exclusively on hydroids, 
Classification
Animalia-Mollusca-Gastropoda-Heterobranchia-Euthynuera-Nudipleura-Nudibranchia-Dexiarchia-Cladobranchia-Dendronotida-Tritonoidea-Dotidae-Doto-D. pinnatifida
Image: Seascapeza

Feathered Doto (Doto pinnatifida)

…a species of Dotid nudibranch which occurs in the North Atlantic Ocean, off of the coasts of the United Kingdom and France. It also occurs around the South African coast from its Atlantic coast to Knysna. Feathered dotos occupy the intertidal zone and are associated with and feed almost exclusively on hydroids, 

Classification

Animalia-Mollusca-Gastropoda-Heterobranchia-Euthynuera-Nudipleura-Nudibranchia-Dexiarchia-Cladobranchia-Dendronotida-Tritonoidea-Dotidae-Doto-D. pinnatifida

Image: Seascapeza

"Lyretail Panchax" (Aphyosemion australe)
Also known as the Cape Lopez lyretail, the lyretail panchax is a species of Nothobranchiid killifish which is endemic to Cape Lopez and its surrounding areas in Gabon. Aphyosemion australe possesses a wide range of color morphs, with individuals ranging from gold to brown colors. 
Classification
Animalia-Chordata-Actinopterygii-Cyprinodontiformes-Nothobranchiidae-Aphyosemion-A. australe
Image: Alexander Prokoshev

"Lyretail Panchax" (Aphyosemion australe)

Also known as the Cape Lopez lyretail, the lyretail panchax is a species of Nothobranchiid killifish which is endemic to Cape Lopez and its surrounding areas in Gabon. Aphyosemion australe possesses a wide range of color morphs, with individuals ranging from gold to brown colors. 

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Actinopterygii-Cyprinodontiformes-Nothobranchiidae-Aphyosemion-A. australe

Image: Alexander Prokoshev

"Furred Sponge Crab" (Pseudodromia latens)
…a species of ‘Sponge Crab’ (Dromiidae) which is distributed from the Namibian border and around the South African coast to Sodwana Bay, it is also recorded from the Indian Ocean. Like other members of its family Pseudodormia latens will cut a off ‘piece’ of sponge and place it on its back, using its fifth pair of legs (which are specially bent upwards) to keep it in place. The sponge will then serve as a form of camouflage/protection for the crab.
Classification
Animalia-Arthropoda-Crustacea-Malacostraca-Decapoda-Brachyura-Dromiidae-Pseudodromia-P. latens
Image: Seascapeza

"Furred Sponge Crab" (Pseudodromia latens)

…a species of ‘Sponge Crab’ (Dromiidae) which is distributed from the Namibian border and around the South African coast to Sodwana Bay, it is also recorded from the Indian Ocean. Like other members of its family Pseudodormia latens will cut a off ‘piece’ of sponge and place it on its back, using its fifth pair of legs (which are specially bent upwards) to keep it in place. The sponge will then serve as a form of camouflage/protection for the crab.

Classification

Animalia-Arthropoda-Crustacea-Malacostraca-Decapoda-Brachyura-Dromiidae-Pseudodromia-P. latens

Image: Seascapeza

Fire Salamander (Salamandra salamandra)

…a common species of salamandrid salamander which is distributed throughout most of southern and central Europe, where they are common in more elevated areas. Fire salamanders typically inhabit deciduous forests where they will spend their time in moist hidden areas like under stones, tree trunks, and in leaf litter. Like other salamanders fire salamanders are carnivorous and will feed on a variety of arthropods, earthworms, and molluscs. They are also known to occasionally eat small frogs or salamanders.

If threatened fire salamanders are capable of exuding the neurotoxic alkaloid “Samandarin" from their skin, which will cause muscle convulsions and hypertension in vertebrates. 

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Amphibia-Caudata-Salamandridae-Slamandra-S. salamandra

Images: Didier Descouens and Marek Szczepanek

"Sludge Worm" (Tubifex tubifex)
Also known as the sewage worm, the sludge worm is a species of tubificid oligochaete worm which inhabits the sediments of lakes, rivers, and occasionally sewers worldwide. T. tubifex will ingest sediments for nutrition, selectively digesting bacteria and absorbing molecules through their body walls. Sludge worms can survive in areas with very little oxygen by waving their hemoglobin-rich “tail ends” to exploit any available oxygen, they can also exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide through their skin like frogs. They are also known to survive in heavily polluted areas that most other species cannot endure. If that wasn’t enough they can also survive drought and food shortage by lowing their metabolic rate and forming a protective cyst. This encystment may also function in their dispersal. 
Classification
Animalia-Annelida-Clitellata-Oligochaeta-Tubificidae-Tubifex-T. tubifex
Image: douneika

"Sludge Worm" (Tubifex tubifex)

Also known as the sewage worm, the sludge worm is a species of tubificid oligochaete worm which inhabits the sediments of lakes, rivers, and occasionally sewers worldwide. T. tubifex will ingest sediments for nutrition, selectively digesting bacteria and absorbing molecules through their body walls. Sludge worms can survive in areas with very little oxygen by waving their hemoglobin-rich “tail ends” to exploit any available oxygen, they can also exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide through their skin like frogs. They are also known to survive in heavily polluted areas that most other species cannot endure. If that wasn’t enough they can also survive drought and food shortage by lowing their metabolic rate and forming a protective cyst. This encystment may also function in their dispersal. 

Classification

Animalia-Annelida-Clitellata-Oligochaeta-Tubificidae-Tubifex-T. tubifex

Image: douneika